Electrification of public transport bus fleets with battery electric buses : development of a software toolchain for the changeover planning of entire bus fleets with consideration of technical and operational constraints

  • Elektrifizierung von ÖPNV-Busflotten mit batterieelektrischen Bussen : Entwicklung einer Software-Toolchain für die Umstellungsplanung ganzer Busflotten unter Berücksichtigung von technischen und betrieblichen Randbedingungen

Rogge, Matthias; Sauer, Dirk Uwe (Thesis advisor); Larsen, Allan (Thesis advisor)

Aachen : ISEA (2020, 2021)
Book, Dissertation / PhD Thesis

In: Aachener Beiträge des ISEA 148
Page(s)/Article-Nr.: 1 Online-Ressource (xi, 161 Seiten) : Illustrationen, Diagramme

Dissertation, Rheinisch-Westfälische Technische Hochschule Aachen, 2020


Electric buses are entering public transport bus fleets and introduce a new level of complexity in the strategic planning of public transport operators. Although numerous research activities focus on the field of electrification planning, there is thus far an absence of a comprehensive planning approach for the public transport domain covering all thematic areas, from technical design over operational planning to the assessment of lifecycle costs. The present thesis closes this gap by providing a software-based planning approach whose applicability has been proven through various case studies. The novelty of this approach regards the high level of detail for all planning phases, which is enabled by the developed software toolchain utilizing state-of-the-art simulation and optimization methods as well as interfaces with existing planning software and third-party data. Efficient calculation methods facilitate analysis of large scenarios and a wide range of technical alternatives. The consequences of electrification with battery electric buses are elucidated for all stakeholders involved in the electrification process, such as operational planning and infrastructure departments. Furthermore, aggregated and normalized figures are provided to allow a neutral comparison of technical alternatives.


  • Institute of Power Electronics and Electrical Drives [614500]
  • Chair of Electrochemical Energy Conversion and Storage Systems [618310]